My friend, Herbert, has always been fat, but things got so bad recently that he decided to go on a diet. He began his diet a week ago. First of all, he wrote out a long list of all the foods which were forbidden. The list included most of the things Herbert loves: butter, potatoes, rice, beer, milk, chocolate, and sweets. Yesterday I paid him a visit. I rang the bell and was not surprised to see that Herbert was still as fat as ever. He led me into his room and hurriedly hid a large parcel under his desk. It was obvious that he was very embarrassed. When I asked him what he was doing, he smiled guiltily and then put the parcel on the desk. He explained that his diet was so strict that he had to reward himself occasionally. Then he showed me the contents of the parcel. It contained five large bars of chocolate and three bags of sweets!
- n. 报偿，奖赏
- v. 给奖赏
(as a) reward for：作为对 … 的奖励，酬谢
How can I reward your kindness?
reward sb. with sth. 用某物来作为某人的奖励
reward sb. for sth. 因为某事而奖赏某人
Teaching can be a very rewarding career.
by / in virtue of：凭借 …
She got the green card by virtue of her marriage.
virtuous /'vɝtʃuəs/：adj. 品德高尚的，正直的
- n. 节食
go on a diet
be on a diet
I'm on a diet these days.
- n. 日常饮食
It's important to have a balanced, healthy diet.
mustn't do sth.
forbid sb. from doing sth.
forbid sb. to do sth.
allow sb. to do sth. 允许
it is forbidden to do sth.
The Palace Museum：故宫
You embarrassed me.
You made me embarrassed.
be strict with sb. 对某人严格的
be strict about / in sth. 对某事严格的
*My families are very strict with kids. *
My friend, Herbert, has always been fat, but things got so bad recently that he decided to go on a diet.
but things got so bad recently：情况最近很糟糕
so … that …：如此 … 以至于
decide to do sth.
go on a diet
He began his diet a week ago. First of all, he wrote out a long list of all the foods which were forbidden.
first of all 首先
first things first / at first / first and foremost / first 首先，最重要的
a list of … ...的单子
The list included most of the things Herbert loves: butter, potatoes, rice, beer, milk, chocolate, and sweets.
Yesterday I paid him a visit.
pay sb. a visit
pay a visit to sb. / spl.
I rang the bell and was not surprised to see that Herbert was still as fat as ever.
ring the bell 按门铃
be surprised to do
be surprised at sth.
as … as ever / usual：像往常一样
He led me into his room and hurriedly hid a large parcel under his desk. It was obvious that he was very embarrassed.
lead sb. into：引某人进来
show sb. out：送某人走
hide - hid - hidden
It was obvious that … = Obviously, he was very embarrassed.
When I asked him what he was doing, he smiled guiltily and then put the parcel on the desk.
He explained that his diet was so strict that he had to reward himself occasionally.
so … that …
occasionally：(every) once in a while 偶尔
Then he showed me the contents of the parcel. It contained five large bars of chocolate and three bags of sweets!
it contained …
a bar of chocolate 一块巧克力
Of all the rooms in Winterfell’s Great Keep, Catelyn’s
bedchambers were the hottest. She seldom had to light a fire. The
castle had been built over natural hot springs, and the scalding waters
rushed through its walls and chambers like blood through a man’s body,
driving the chill from the stone halls, filling the glass gardens with a
moist warmth, keeping the earth from freezing. Open pools smoked
day and night in a dozen small courtyards. That was a little thing, in
summer; in winter, it was the difference between life and death.
bedchamber/'bedtʃeɪmbə/ n. 卧室 (君主的)侍寝官
moist /mɒɪst/ adj. 潮湿的, 微湿的
Catelyn’s bath was always hot and steaming, and her walls warm to the
touch. The warmth reminded her of Riverrun, of days in the sun with Lysa
and Edmure, but Ned could never
abide the heat. The Starks were
made for the cold, he would tell her, and she would laugh and tell him
in that case they had certainly built their castle in the wrong place.
abide /ə'baɪd/ vt. 容忍, 忍受 等候 vi. 逗留, 居住
So when they had finished, Ned rolled off and climbed from her bed, as
he had a thousand times before. He crossed the room, pulled back the
tapestries, and threw open the high narrow windows one by
one, letting the night air into the chamber.
tapestry/'tæpɪstrɪ/ n. 挂毯；织锦；绣帷 vt. 用挂毯装饰
chamber/'tʃeɪmbə/ n. （身体或器官内的）室，膛；房间；会所 adj. 室内的；私人的，秘密的 vt. 把…关在室内；装填（弹药等）
The wind swirled around him as he stood facing the dark, naked and
empty-handed. Catelyn pulled the furs to her
chin and watched
him. He looked somehow smaller and more vulnerable, like the
youth she had wed in the sept at Riverrun, fifteen long years
gone. Her loins still ached from the urgency of his lovemaking.
It was a good ache. She could feel his seed within her. She prayed that
it might quicken there. It had been three years since Rickon. She was
not too old. She could give him another son.
chin /tʃɪn/ n. (尤指人的)颏, 下巴
vulnerable/'vʌln(ə)rəb(ə)l/ adj. 易受伤的, 脆弱的, 敏感的
loins/lɔinz/ n. 腰部；耻骨区（loin的复数）
*“I will refuse him,” Ned said as he turned back to her. His eyes
haunted, his voice thick with doubt.*
haunted/'hɔːntɪd/ adj. 闹鬼的；反复出现的；受到困扰的 v. 常去；缠住；使担忧（haunt的过去式和过去分词）
Catelyn sat up in the bed. “You cannot. You must not.”
“My duties are here in the north. I have no wish to be Robert’s Hand.”
“He will not understand that. He is a king now, and kings are not like other men. If you refuse to serve him, he will wonder why, and sooner or later he will begin to suspect that you oppose him. Can’t you see the danger that would put us in?”
Ned shook his head, refusing to believe. “Robert would never harm me
or any of mine. We were closer than brothers. He loves me. If I refuse
him, he will roar and
curse and bluster, and in a week we
will laugh about it together. I know the man!”
curse /kɜːs/ vt. & vi. 诅咒; 骂 n. 诅咒, 咒语; 骂人的话 祸害, 祸根
bluster/'blʌstə/ vt. 狂吹；咆哮；夸口；威吓；气势汹汹地说 vi. 咆哮；恫吓 n. 怒号；吓唬
*“You knew the man,” she said. “The king is a stranger to you.” Catelyn remembered the direwolf dead in the snow, the broken antler lodged deep in her throat. She had to make him see. “Pride is everything to a king, my lord. Robert came all this way to see you, to bring you these great honors, you cannot throw them back in his face.”*
*“Honors?” Ned laughed bitterly.*
*“In his eyes, yes,” she said.*
“And in yours?”
*“And in mine,” she
blazed, angry now. Why couldn’t he see?
“He offers his own son in marriage to our daughter, what else would
you call that? Sansa might someday be queen. Her sons could rule from
the Wall to the mountains of Dorne. What is so wrong with that?”*
blaze/bleɪz/ n. 火焰, 烈火 光辉, 闪耀 迸发, 爆发 vi. 猛烈地燃烧 发光, 照耀
*“Gods, Catelyn, Sansa is only eleven,” Ned said. “And Joffrey . . . Joffrey is . . .”*
She finished for him. crown prince, and heir to the Iron Throne. And I was only twelve when my father promised me to your brother Brandon.”
That brought a bitter twist to Ned’s mouth. “Brandon. Yes. Brandon would know what to do. He always did. It was all meant for Brandon. You, Winterfell, everything. He was born to be a King’s Hand and a father to queens. I never asked for this cup to pass to me.”
*“Perhaps not,” Catelyn said, “but Brandon is dead, and the cup has passed, and you must drink from it, like it or not.”*
Ned turned away from her, back to the night. He stood staring out in the darkness, watching the moon and the stars perhaps, or perhaps the sentries on the wall.
Catelyn softened then, to see his pain. Eddard Stark had married her in
Brandon’s place, as custom
decreed, but the shadow of his dead
brother still lay between them, as did the other, the shadow of the
woman he would not name, the woman who had borne him his bastard son.
decree/dɪ'kriː/ n. 法令；判决 vt. 颁布；命令；判决；注定 vi. 发布命令；注定
She was about to go to him when the knock came at the door, loud and unexpected. Ned turned, frowning. “What is it?”
Desmond’s voice came through the door. “My lord, Maester Luwin is without and begs urgent audience.”
“You told him I had left orders not to be disturbed?”
“Yes, my lord. He insists.”
“Very well. Send him in.”
Ned crossed to the
wardrobe and slipped on a heavy robe.
Catelyn realized suddenly how cold it had become. She sat up in bed and
pulled the furs to her chin. “Perhaps we should close the windows,”
wardrobe /'wɔːdrəʊb/ n. 衣柜；全部戏装；行头
robe/rəʊb/ n. 礼服, 法衣 睡袍, 长袍 vt. & vi. (使)穿上长袍(或浴衣等)
absently. Maester Luwin was shown in.
absently/'æbs(ə)ntlɪ/ adv. 心不在焉地
The maester was a small grey man. His eyes were grey, and quick, and
saw much. His hair was grey, what little the years had left him. His
robe was grey wool,
trimmed with white fur, the Stark colors. Its
great floppy sleeves had pockets hidden inside. Luwin was
always tucking things into those sleeves and producing other
things from them: books, messages, strange artifacts, toys for the
children. With all he kept hidden in his sleeves, Catelyn was surprised
that Maester Luwin could lift his arms at all.
trim/trɪm/ vt. 修剪, 整修 除去, 削减 装饰 adj. 整齐的, 整洁的, 匀称漂亮的 n. 修剪 准备就绪, 井井有条, 整整齐齐, 状态极佳
floppy /'flɒpɪ/ adj. 松软的;松弛下垂的
sleeve /sliːv/ n. 袖子，袖套；套筒，套管 vt. 给……装袖子；给……装套筒
tuck/tʌk/ vt. 卷起；挤进；用某物舒适地裹住；使有褶裥；收拢；大口吃；使隐藏 n. 船尾突出部；食物；缝摺；抱膝式跳水；活力；鼓声 vi. 缝褶裥；缩拢；舒服地裹在里面；大口吃
The maester waited until the door had closed behind him before he spoke. “My lord,” he said to Ned, “pardon for disturbing your rest. I have been left a message.”
irritated. “Been left? By whom? Has there been a
rider? I was not told.”
irritate/'ɪrɪteɪt/ vt. 激怒；刺激，使兴奋 vi. 引起恼怒，引起不愉快
“There was no rider, my lord. Only a carved wooden box, left on a table in my observatory while I napped. My servants saw no one, but it must have been brought by someone in the king’s party. We have had no other visitors from the south.”
*“A wooden box, you say?” Catelyn said.*
“Inside was a fine new lens for the
observatory, from Myr by
the look of it. The lenscrafters of Myr are without
observatory/əb'zɜːvət(ə)rɪ/ n. 天文台;气象台
without equal 举世无双
frowned. He had little patience for this sort of thing,
Catelyn knew. “A lens,” he said. “What has that to do with me?”
frown/fraʊn/ vi. 皱眉；不同意 vt. 皱眉，蹙额 n. 皱眉，蹙额
*“I asked the same question,” Maester Luwin said. “Clearly there was more to this than the seeming.”*
Under the heavy weight of her furs, Catelyn shivered. “A lens is an instrument to help us see.”
*“Indeed it is.” He fingered the collar of his order; a heavy chain worn tight around the neck beneath his robe, each link forged from a different metal.*
collar/'kɒlə/ n. 衣领, 领子 (狗等的)项圈
Catelyn could feel dread stirring inside her once again. “What is it that they would have us see more clearly?”
*“The very thing I asked myself.” Maester Luwin drew a tightly
rolled paper out of his sleeve. “I found the true message
concealed within a false bottom when I dismantled the box
the lens had come in, but it is not for my eyes.”*
conceal/kən'siːl/ vt. 隐藏；隐瞒
dismantle/dɪs'mænt(ə)l/ vt. 拆开, 拆卸 废除, 取消
Ned held out his hand. “Let me have it, then.”
Luwin did not stir. “Pardons, my lord. The message is not for you either. It is marked for the eyes of the Lady Catelyn, and her alone. May I approach?”
Catelyn nodded, not trusting to speak. The maester placed the paper on
the table beside the bed. It was sealed with
a small blob of blue
wax. Luwin bowed and began to retreat.
a small blob of blue wax 一滴蓝色蜡油封笺
retreat/rɪ'triːt/ n. 撤退；休息寓所；撤退 vi. 撤退；退避；向后倾 vt. 使后退；退（棋）
*“Stay,” Ned commanded him. His voice was
grave. He looked at
Catelyn. “What is it? My lady, you’re shaking.”*
grave/greɪv/ n. 坟墓 死亡 adj. (指情况)严重的 严肃的, 庄重的
*“I’m afraid,” she admitted. She reached out and took the letter in trembling hands. The furs dropped away from her nakedness, forgotten. In the blue wax was the moon-and-falcon seal of House Arryn. “It’s from Lysa.” Catelyn looked at her husband. “It will not make us glad,” she told him. “There is grief in this message, Ned. I can feel it.”*
Ned frowned, his face darkening. “Open it.”
Catelyn broke the seal.
Her eyes moved over the words. At first they made no sense to her. Then she remembered. “Lysa took no chances. When we were girls together, we had a private language, she and L”
“Can you read it?”
*“Yes,” Catelyn admitted.*
“Then tell us.”
*“Perhaps I should withdraw,” Maester Luwin said.*
*“No,” Catelyn said. “We will need your
threw back the furs and climbed from the bed. The night air was as cold
as the grave on her bare skin as she padded across the room.*
counsel/'kaʊns(ə)l/ n. 忠告；讨论；商议；决策；法律顾问 vt. 劝告；建议 vi. 提出忠告；商讨
averted his eyes. Even Ned looked shocked. “What
are you doing?” he asked.
avert/ə'vɜːt/ vt. 防止, 避免 转移
*“Lighting a fire,” Catelyn told him. She found a dressing gown and
shrugged into it, then knelt over the cold hearth.*
shrug/ʃrʌg/ vt. & vi. 耸肩(以表示冷淡, 怀疑等)
hearth/hɑːθ/ n. 炉床；炉边；灶台；壁炉地面
*“Maester Luwin-“ Ned began.*
n.弹丸; 子弹，弹药; [印] 着重号;
a. raise & rise
raise one's hand; raise sth.; raise the level; etc.
I always rise at six o'clock; All rise; The sun has just risen; etc.
b. lay & lie
lay：vt. 放下，下蛋 - lay - laid - laid - laying
lay sth. on … ; lay the table; lay an egg; etc.
躺下：lie - lay - lain - lying
说谎：lie - lied - lied - lying
c. beat & win
win：win the game
sloth /sloθ/ ：懒惰
[例句]Tour operators may be forced to bite the bullet and cut prices.
adv.时刻; 不断地，时常地; 常川; 历来;
[例句]His brainwaves were constantly monitored.
1.contact ['kɑn.tækt] n.接触，联系 v.联系
eg：Can I contact you by telephone？
contract ['kɒntrækt] n.合同
content ['kɑn.tent] n.内容 adj.满足的
2.voluntarily ['vɒləntrəli] adv.自愿地
eg：He made the promise quite voluntarily.
voluntary ['vɑlən.teri] adj.自愿的；志愿的；自发的；故意的
volunteer [,vɒlən'tɪə] n.志愿者；志愿兵
3.assignment [ə'saɪnmənt] n.任务；布置
eg：There was no telling what the next assignment would be.
assignable [ə'saɪnəbəl] adj.[经] 可分配的；可指定的；可让渡的
assign [ə'saɪn] vt.分配；指派；[计][数] 赋值
4.proportion [prə'pɔrʃ(ə)n] n.比例
eg：His head is out of proportion to the size of his body.
proportional [prə'pɔrʃən(ə)l] adj.相应的，成比例的
disproportion [dɪsprə'pɔːʃ(ə)n] n.不均衡；不相称
5.vulnerable ['vʌlnərəbl] adj.易受伤害的
eg：His knee was his vulnerable spot.
be/have vulnerable to 易受...影响的
6.pursue [pər'su] v.追求
eg：If I have enough money, I would have had no doubt to pursue a famous car.
pursuit [pər'sut] n.追求
in pursuit of 为了…
7.operation [.ɑpə'reɪʃ(ə)n] n.操作；运行
eg：How much time do you usually complete the operation?
cooperation [kəʊ,ɒpə'reɪʃ(ə)n] n.合作，协作
corporate [ˈkɔːrpərət] adj.法人的；共同的
8.improvement [ɪm'pruvmənt] n.改进；改善；改进处
eg：It is only a question of time, however, until we see an improvement.
improve [ɪm'pruːv] vt.改善，增进；提高…的价值
9.specialize ['speʃ(ə)l.aɪz] v.专门研究（或从事）；专攻
eg：Most students do not expect to specialize in economics.
specialized [ˈspeʃ(ə)lˌaɪzd] adj.专业的；专门的
10.chemical ['kemɪk(ə)l] n.化学品；化学制品 ; adj.与化学有关的；化学的；
eg：The chemical industry is one easy to have he pollution profession.
chemist [ˈkemɪst] n.化学家；药剂师；药房
11.insurance [ɪn'ʃʊrəns] n.保险；保险业；保险费；保费
eg：How much will the insurance cost them?
insure [ɪn'ʃʊrə] v.投保，上保险
ensure [ɪn'ʃʊrə] v.确保
12.comprehensive [.kɑmprə'hensɪv] adj.全面的，理解的n.（英）综合中学
eg：People experience great wealth, they decided to see things more comprehensive. 大人们的阅历丰富，决定了他们看东西比较全面。
comprehension [.kɑmprə'henʃ(ə)n] n.理解（力）
利用设定干扰选项所遵循的规律，我们可以大胆地进行猜想。这种猜测其实 并不耽误时间，也不怎么消耗脑力，考生反而能够通过猜想事先得到一个对该题的印象。结合四个选项的共同点，我们往往可以得到大量的提示，有时候，甚至可以 把答案猜得八九不离十。真正听题的时候，考生可以和录音人给出的信息进行比较，轻易排除错误选项，直达正确答案。
adj.数字的; 数据的; 手指的; 指状的;
考过的类型：美国中小学、私立学校(private school)、公立学校(public school)、宗教学校(religion school)、美国某学校特殊的教育体制方法
n.数字; 手指; （钢琴等的） 琴键;
M: Erh-erh… Looks like I'm going to be a little late for class. I hope Pro. Clark doesn't start on time today。
W: Are you kidding? You can set your watch by the time he starts his class。
Q: What can be inferred about Pro. Clark?
A) He wants his students to be on time for class。
B) He doesn't allow his students to tell jokes in class。
C) He is always punctual for his class。
D) He rarely notices which students are late。
毫不夸张的说，作业是每一个学生的噩梦所在，不论对于中国学生还是国外学生，因此听力小对话中往往出现大量学生对于作业的抱怨，而无一例外的总是抱怨作业多，做不完;作业难，不会做;做作业的时候问题很多，有时候需要两人达成一致等。需要了解的是作业包括各种各样的assignment 和 homework 以及reading list。
W: How did you do on the maths exam, John?
M: I barely made it. It was just a passing score but better than I had expected。
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
A) John didn't pass, although he had tried his best。
B) John did better than he thought he was able to。
C) John got an excellent score, which was unexpected。
D) John was disappointed at his maths score。
解析：这是一个典型的考试总是很难场景，在对话中女生说：你数学考试怎么样?男生回答：做的很差，刚及格但是比我预想的好。因此答案选，值得一提的是I barely made it表示我勉强通过的意思。
[例句]The new digital technology would allow a rapid expansion in the number of TV channels.
jot 英 [dʒɒt] 美 [dʒɑt]
Jot List 快速清单
jot specification 施工规范
n.chore的复数; 零星工作（尤指家常杂务）( chore的名词复数 ); 零活儿;
[例句]My husband and I both go out to work so we share the household chores.
n.工作; 分配( assignment的名词复数 ); 任命; 归属;
[例句]The assessment for the course involves written assignments and practical tests.
concept 英 ['kɒnsept]美 ['kɑnsɛpt]
selling concept 推销观点,推销观念,销售观念
Design concept 设计理念,设计概念,设计思想
n.有背胶的标签( sticker的名词复数 ); 坚持不懈的人，锲而不舍的人;
[例句]They gave us T-shirts and stickers
adj.粘性的; 热湿的，闷热的; 极不愉快的; 不动的;
[例句]If the dough is sticky, add more flour
[例句]I already went down that rabbit hole once.
adv.庄严地; 严肃地; 正式地; 神圣地;
[例句]I solemnly vowed that someday I would return to live in Europe
n.发烧友; 对莫事物有特别爱好的人; 空想家;
[例句]For even fancier snippets, you can use control structures that support looping.
[其他]原型： fancy 复数：fanciers
n.文具; 办公用品; 信纸，信封; 文房四宝;
[例句]She asked her son, a graphic designer, to create letterheads and stationery.
v.作为…的动机，激发，诱发( motivate的过去式和过去分词 );
[例句]These youngsters are motivated not by a desire to achieve, but by fear of failure
n.追踪者，追踪系统，纤夫( tracker的名词复数 );
[例句]Do not upload our torrents to other trackers.
n.药物治疗; 药物，药剂; 药物处理; 加入药物;
[例句]She stopped taking the prescribed medications
adv.视觉上; 外表上; 看得见地; 形象化地;
[例句]There are 1.7 million blind and visually impaired people in Britain.
adv.逐字地; 照字面地; 确实地，真正地; [口语]差不多，简直（用于加强语意）;
[例句]We've got to get the economy under control or it will literally eat us up
v.报价; 引述; 引用，援引( quote的第三人称单数 ); 为（股票、黄金或外汇）报价;
[例句]His lyrics are highly literate. He even quotes Voltaire.
[例句]Managers use a full arsenal of motivational techniques to get employees to take risks
n.杂货店; 杂品; 食品，杂货; 杂货业( grocery的名词复数 );
[例句]You can buy it ready-made at Chinese groceries